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Liechtenstein Geography


Liechtenstein, roughly triangular in shape, is a landlocked country situated in the Rhine River Valley. The fourth-smallest country in Europe, it is bordered by the Austrian province of Vorarlberg to the north and east, the Swiss canton of Graubünden to the south, and the Rhine River and the Swiss canton of St. Gallen to the west, with a total boundary length of 76 km (47 mi).

The principality has an area of 160 sq km (62 sq mi) and extends 24.5 km (15.2 mi) north to south, and 9.4 km (5.8 mi) east to west. Comparatively, the area occupied by Liechtenstein is about 0.9 times the size of Washington DC. Liechtenstein's capital city, Vaduz, is located in the western part of the country.

Liechtenstein is divided into a comparatively narrow area of level land bordering the right bank of the Rhine River and an upland and mountainous region occupying the remainder of the country.

The level land occupies about two-fifths of the total surface area. The greatest elevation, Grauspitz (2,599 m/8,527 ft), is in the south, in a spur of the Rhaetian Alps.

Climatic conditions in Liechtenstein are less severe than might be expected from its elevated terrain and inland situation; the mitigating factor is a warm south wind called the Föhn. The annual lowland temperature varies between -4.5°C (24°F) in January and 19.9°C (68°F) in July. Late frost and prolonged dry periods are rare. Average annual precipitation is 105 cm (41 in).


Location :
Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland

Geographic coordinates :
47 16 N, 9 32 E

Map references :

Area :
total: 160 sq km
land: 160 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
about 0.9 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries :
total: 76 km
border countries: Austria 34.9 km, Switzerland 41.1 km

Coastline :
0 km (doubly landlocked)

Maritime claims :
none (landlocked)

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